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Bed Bugs – Every Thing You Need To Know

Bed Bug – Everything You Need To Know

Bed Bug – Everything You Need To Know

Bed Bug – Everything You Need To Know

In the early 1950s, bed bugs were said to be a minor problem and were nearly eradicated in the developed world. However, as a result of pesticide resistance and various pesticide bans by the government, bed bugs are as prevalent now as ever before and still to this day, reports of bed bug bites and conditions that relate to these are on the rise. As a result of this, we are providing a guide to the parasite explaining everything that you need to know including exactly what they are and how to deal with them. Bed Bug – Everything You Need To Know

What Are Bed Bugs? – Bed bugs are a parasitic insect that comes from the cimicid family. All bed bugs feed solely on blood, and the common bed bug is unique in that it prefers human blood. A perfect environment for a bed bug would be a warm area, and they tend to look for the most heated parts of the house and settle in beds, hence the name. The reason that they cause such a problem is because they manage to feed on humans without the human knowing. This means that you can end up having bed bugs for a long time without actually realizing.

The colors of a bed bug can vary slightly but are usually a reddish brown/light brown. They tend to be oval-shaped, flat and bear no wings at the rear. A bed bug typically turns a brighter red color after consuming blood and will slowly fade back to brown over the next few hours. Bed bugs are often mistaken for other insects such as cockroaches and book lice, but it is vital that they are identified to prevent problems further down the line. They are often hard to remove once settled and they can squeeze into tight spaces and can survive a variety of temperatures.

How Do They Work? – Bed bugs are often attracted to a particular place mainly by carbon dioxide but also by different chemicals. The common bed bug has a mouth part that it uses to get through the skin and then injects saliva with various chemicals. Some people have no reaction at all through the process. However, some can experience an allergic reaction, sometimes even a severe reaction. At first, the swelling rises but without a red spot; after the feeding has ended, a red spot may appear once the swelling has gone down.

Bed bugs can cause such a huge problem because, in cold conditions, it has been suggested that they can live for nearly a year without feeding. In a warmer atmosphere, they try to feed every 5-10 days and fully grown bugs can survive around five months without a feed. Interestingly, DNA can be recovered from bed bugs for around three months meaning that it can be used to identify who the bug fed on. Bed bugs tend to prefer exposed skin as it is easier to reach making the legs, arms, neck and face the most common feeding spots.

It is a common misconception that bed bugs will only appear in houses that aren’t clean and that they will avoid ‘cleaner’ homes, but this simply isn’t true. Bed bugs move around on clothing and belongings; this is why bed bugs in hotels can be such a huge problem. They will travel via clothing or even a person’s luggage meaning that bugs in a hotel can turn into bugs in dozens of homes in just one day.

How Do They Affect Us? – Sleep is one of the most important factors when it comes to leading a healthy life, and the main thing that bed bugs change is our sleep. They are not known to carry any diseases so do not present many health risks; they tend to show more of a nuisance than health problems.

Firstly, bed bug bites can become itchy which can be annoying and can cause tremendous psychological problems especially at night because you are always scratching and looking out for the bugs to appear. Scratching the affected areas can also cause infection because you could potentially open up the wound leaving it vulnerable. Secondly, the bite itself can cause an allergic reaction. If this occurs, it is advised that you consult a doctor who may then transfer you to a specialist.

Many people also believe that bed bugs can carry blood-born diseases, but this is just a myth. If the bug could take on illness and carry it efficiently, there would be no reason they couldn’t get then passed this on during a feeding session. However, there has been no evidence to suggest that bed bugs can carry blood-borne diseases so do not present this kind of risk.

How Do I Remove Them? – If you have ever been through the experience of discovering bed bugs, then you know what it feels like. It can be a devastating moment as you start to blame yourself and start to think of what you could have done differently. As we have learned, bed bugs aren’t picky; it can just be a case of luck as to whether you experience them in your lifetime or not. If you do happen to discover bed bugs in your bedroom or anywhere in your house, then there are steps that you can take.
Bed bug – everything you need to know before you call in the professionals, there is something that you can try yourself. A study by Dr. Charles Campbell in 1900 indicates that by applying saturated alcoholic solution of corrosive sublimate on infested areas will kill adult bed bugs and render any laid eggs sterile. Moreover, you should start by cleaning all of your bedding; this applies to absolutely everything; sheets, duvet, pillow cases. Make sure you wash them on a hot wash as the bugs will not be able to survive the intense heat.

This will remove any bugs as well as any eggs that have attached themselves to your bedding. Secondly, wash all of your clothes, empty wardrobes, and drawers and put them through a hot wash. This will have the same effect and will ensure that you are not missing any out, as pests like to hide in clothing. Next, clean the affected rooms. From top to bottom, as much as you can, try to clean the room as best possible. The vacuum will be extremely handy for this as it will pick up any loose eggs and bugs that have settled on surfaces. Please be sure to remember that the vacuum will not kill the eggs so you will have to dispose appropriately of the contents and thoroughly clean the space after use.

Once all this has been done, you are ready to use some great products that have entered the market in recent times. You can easily find many different ‘smoke bombs’ and ‘fumigators’ that will actively seek out any cracks and crevices in the room and attack them to destroy all bugs and eggs. Make sure that you close all windows, shut the door behind you and leave it to get to work for at least two hours. The room will be completely safe after the two hours has passed. The next step is to apply an insect killing spray around the room. The idea isn’t to soak the whole room but to lightly cover critical areas including the mattress, drawers, and wardrobes. The spray will dry and provide a layer of protection against bed bugs and many other pests in the future. The final step to take to ensure that the bugs do not return is to apply an insect repellent powder in all the areas that the spray could not be used such as around plugs and electrical equipment. The powder will also kill off any remaining bugs as they ingest it and the powder will dehydrate their systems.

To be sure that you are bed bug-free, repeat the treatment process after seven days by applying the same products as you did before in the same order. Bed bug eggs tend to hatch after a week or so and to implement the process a second time will remove all risk of re-infestation.

If these steps fail to work after a couple of attempts, you should then take action by contacting a local fumigation service that specializes in the removal of bed bugs.

How Do I Prevent Them? – Maybe you have experienced bed bugs in the past and want to know how to keep them away or maybe you just do not like the thought of going through the upheaval, so what is the best way to prevent bed bugs from invading your life?

Firstly, you have to know how to identify them using the descriptions previously mentioned; you need to understand how they work and how they get into your house, and finally, you need to work out the best places for them to hide in your home and, therefore, know the places to check. One step that you should take is checking your luggage when you get back home from a holiday or business trip. Remember that the hotels that you stayed in may not have been as precautions as you or as lucky as you so be sure to check your whole suitcase for signs of bed bugs. You can even take it a step further and separate your clothes into sealed bags when you go away. Next, search all other items that you brought with you as bed bugs can be quite sneaky.

Also, make sure you check used furniture or clothing before you bring them into your home. Similar to a hotel, other people may not take the steps that you do and may have been unlucky in contracting bed bugs. Give any items that bed bugs can use as a home a once over, it is better to be safe than to be sorry.

Finally, don’t ignore signs. Regularly check your home for signs of bed bugs and don’t ignore them if you find something. Also, if your partner or child complains that they have been bitten during the night, don’t write this off like a gnat or anything else that is similar, investigate and be safe.

So there you have it, the ultimate guide to bed bugs. Please don’t ignore these tips; using them can save you a lot of hassle in the long-run!

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